# Help:Wiki

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

## Important Message

The tutorial below assumes that you are currently logged into Wiki. If you are not logged in, you will not be able to attempt many of the examples shown.

## Welcome to Wiki Help

This Linguistic Team Wiki is the global repository for information related to the Global Linguistic Team. Such information includes, but is certainly not limited to: project documentation, information on local, regional & international groups, summaries of topics, lists of related web sites, catalogs and bibliographies, FAQ's and references supporting forum posts, real-time updates, and translations of various wiki content. The wiki is an interactive source of information and all Community members are encouraged to contribute.

NOTE: All content in this Wiki is provided by the members and any statements within them are solely the opinions of the authors. You can view the authorship history of any page by clicking on the History tab. When contributing, please keep in mind that others may not immediately understand the nature of a Wiki, so attribute your edits well and avoid making statements that others might interpret as official policy. Some areas, such as the Translation Project, are linked directly from the main TZM &/or TVP websites and serve as staging areas for real-time translation projects within Pootle, another feature of the Global Linguistic Team website. Content from most of these areas can be improved collaboratively, with some of them eventually moved onto the relevant main web site.

## Wiki's Help Page

 If this tutorial does not provide enough help for your questions, you can also get real-time support in the [Forum]

Note that this personal page can only be edited by the user to whom it belongs or Wiki Administrators. All other users will still be able to view the page's source code, however.

## My Talks

This one takes you to any conversations you have in your Talks area. This is where other members can leave you messages or have discussions with you about any topic. It cannot be used as a real-time chat page, however. To leave a comment, suggestion or question for a given page, click on the Discussion link near the top of the page and you'll be taken to the Talk area for that page.

## My Preferences

This one takes you to a tabbed page where you can personalize your Wiki experience in many ways.

A description of each of these settings can be found here.

## My Watchlist

You have the option of placing any page on your Watch List. When you do, you will receive an email notifying you whenever one of these pages has been modified. The notice contains a link to the new version of the page, as well as one to the Change Log that shows you what has been changed.

A complete understanding of how the watchlist functions can be found here.

## My Contributions

This link provides a list of all of the wiki pages that you have edited.

A full description of this feature can be found here.

## Log Out

This one does exactly what it suggests.

Depending on your situation, and how your security options are set, most of you can leave yourselves logged in when you close your browser and the site will remember you upon your return. However, if you're using a computer that is not your own, you should definitely log out before leaving the site in order to preserve your privacy.

## Getting Around

This section explains some of the destinations you'll find in the Main Menu near the top of almost every page. The list of destinations is subject to change as the wiki expands, at user's request, or admin discretion.

• Main Page (Returns you to the Wiki's Main Page)
• Main Page (Returns you to the Wiki's Main Page)
• Community portal (A page listing any & all ZM community efforts. Feel free to add to this page, but please keep all entries in alphabetical order)
• Current events (A page for any & all upcoming ZM events. Feel free to add to this page, but please keep all entries in chronological order)
• Recent changes (A page for tracking the most recent changes made to all pages within the Wiki)
• Random page (Takes you to a random wiki page)
• Help (A Tutorial on how to use and Edit within the Wiki)
• Getting Started (The list within includes numerous resources for learning how to join and function within the Linguistic Team)
• Team Descriptions (This list provides static information about each team function and, frequently, many of the approaches they take to reach these goals)
• LingTeam Working Locations (The included list supplies members with timely PMS/Tracking information on all items within our care)
• Related Projects (References any projects external to the Ling & Dev Teams that significantly relate to either one)
• Dev Team Resources (Provides links to all Global Dev Team main wiki pages. Many of them then lead to additional pages)
• Language of interface (Clicking on this header has no effect. A drop down list of all available languages for the wiki interface will be shown when you hover over it)
• In other languages (Clicking on this header has no effect. A drop down list of all available languages for that pages content will be shown when you hover over it. Note: This item will not be present if no one has translated that particular page)

#### A list of just some of the Special Pages provided for Wiki users

A site map of all standard wiki pages. User Home pages and some other "Special" pages are not listed here.

The Wiki User List. This one shows all of the Home pages that have been created by wiki participants. Links in RED indicate that the page does not yet have any content.

Some sample pages you can use for practice. Feel free to copy/Paste parts of the source code of these pages into your own pages in order to emulate the formatting.

Upload a file for use within Wiki. Please see the page to learn what file types and sizes are supported by the file server. Once uploaded, the file will become instantly available for use within the pages you edit.

Aside from the Home Page creation directions on a previous tab, there are two primary methods for creating new wiki pages. For both of these methods, you can click on the word Create near the top of the resulting page (the page will remain empty until you choose to add to it), or simply add some content and then save the page to the server.

Note: If you are taken to an already edited page, it means someone has already created a page by that name/title. If the content found there is not related to the information you wish to present, you will need to try again, using a different page name/title. If it is related, please use the history function to see who has already edited the page (there may be more than one) and then contact them to discuss collaborating on the topic.

• Method one (direct): Within any browser window's address bar, type out a page location that does not yet exist within the wiki. The base path for wiki pages is http://wiki.zmlingtem.org/w/. If you add a non-existing page name immediately following the trailing slash symbol and press Enter, you will be taken to an Edit page where your can Create and add content to the new page you suggested.

• Method two (indirect): Another approach is to add a non-existing page link to an already existing page. Once the page where you added it has been saved, you will see your new link highlighted in red to show that it does not yet exist. If you then click on that link, you will be taken to the Edit page where you can Create and add content to it.

### Start right now

This tab serves up suggestions on how to construct the hierarchy of new wiki pages so that it's easy to navigate and manage.

For example, instead of just having a topic/page called 'The Venus Project', we could break this topic down further into sub-sections such as Energy, Waste Management, Food-Nutrition, Living Spaces, Transportation, etc., making these sub-sections under the main topic.

The Venus Project
Energy
Food-Nutrition
Living Spaces
Transportation
Waste Management

In other words, if you were to construct these five sub-pages, the first one would be created at:

http://wiki.zmlingtem.org/w/The Venus Project/Energy

the second at:

http://wiki.zmlingtem.org/w/The Venus Project/Food-Nutrition

etc..

This could help prevent extremely long pages & clutter, would support rigid organization, and would help prevent important topics from being lost amongst the chaos. However, it also limits you to continual support of this hierarchy tree and prevents you from later reorganizing them in a significantly different way. Intelligent use of Project Categories is much more flexible in allowing such re-organizations and even multiple organizational approaches, but that is a bit advanced to cover this early in the tutorial.

See a list of all Projects.

There are two methods you can use to create pages in other languages. For both of these methods, you can click on the word Create near the top of the resulting page. The page will remain empty until you choose to add to it, so simply add some content. You would start by Copying the English version of the page and Pasting that into your related language page. Then translate it into your chosen languge and save the page to the server. Please be sure to use the correct language for the language abbreviation code used (see the list of language codes below).

• Method one (manual):

Use the same page name as the English name, but add the language code at the end of the manually created link. For example, if the English Main Page is named Main Page. The French version would be Main Page/fr. The wiki software will then automatically link the pages, and provide references to them when multiple languages are available.

• Method two (automatic):

If you are already at an existing English version of the wiki page you wish to translate, click on the Edit button in the top menu. Near the top of the resulting page, click on the language code you wish to translate to. The current page will change to the selected language and, once you save your creation, will automatically be saved with the proper path (i.e. Main Page/fr, in the example above).

### Useful things To Know

Editing refers to the adding &/or modification of a wiki page by a user. Unless certain restrictions are in effect, such as protection, all pages are editable, by everyone. This is a brief overview of that process. The editing table of contents below contains information on individual editing functions.

## Most frequent Wiki markup explained

Here are the most frequently used types of wiki markup. These markups only work if they are at the very beginning of a line.
If you need more help see Wikitext examples.

What it looks like What you type

You can italicize text by putting 2 apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will embolden the text.

5 apostrophes will embolden and italicize the text.

(4 apostrophes don't do anything special -- there's just 'one left over'.)

You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2
apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will embolden '''the text'''.

5 apostrophes will embolden and italicize
'''''the text'''''.

(4 apostrophes don't do anything
special -- there's just ''''one left
over''''.)

A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the diff function (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).

A single newline
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the ''diff'' function
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline ''does''
affect the layout ([[#lists|see below]]).

You can break lines
without a new paragraph.

Please do not start a link or italics or bold text on one line and end on the next.

You can break lines<br/>
without a new paragraph.<br/>

''italics'' or '''bold''' text on one line
and end on the next.

Four tildes is the preferred method here:

• Three tildes give your user name: Example (talk)
• Four tildes give your user name plus date/time: Example (talk) 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
• Five tildes give the date/time alone: 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
on talk pages. <br>
Four tildes is the preferred method here:
* Three tildes give your user
name: ~~~
* Four tildes give your user
name plus date/time: ~~~~
* Five tildes give the
date/time alone: ~~~~~

What it looks like What you type

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

The Wiki software can automatically generate

=== Subsection ===

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

==== A smaller subsection ====
Don't skip levels,
like from two to four equals signs.

because 1 creates H1 tags
which should be reserved for page title.

### Lists and indents

What it looks like What you type
• Unordered lists are easy to do:
• Start every line with a star.
• More stars indicate a deeper level.
• Previous item continues.
• A new line
• in a list

marks the end of the list.

• Of course you can start again.
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
* Previous item continues.
** A new line
* in a list
marks the end of the list.
* Of course you can start again.
1. Numbered lists are:
1. Very organized
2. Easy to follow
2. Previous item continues

A new line marks the end of the list.

1. New numbering starts with 1.
# ''Numbered lists'' are:
## Very organized
## Easy to follow
# Previous item continues
A new line marks the end of the list.
# New numbering starts with 1.
A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline starts a new paragraph.
Often used for discussion on talk pages.

We use 1 colon to indent once.
We use 2 colons to indent twice.
3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
A newline starts a new paragraph. <br>
Often used for discussion on talk pages.
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.

## Restrictions

Some wiki pages cannot be edited by everyone. A special function known as protection can be applied to a page by administrators, making the said page uneditable to certain classes of users. There are several degrees of protection:

• If a page is semiprotected, it can be edited by everyone except IPs and accounts that have not yet been confirmed.
• If a page is fully protected, only other admins can make edits to the page.
• A page can also be protected so that it cannot be moved.
• In some cases, an admin might see fit to protect a page from being created.
• For very rare pages, such as the Main Page, "cascading" protection is applied, wherein every page that is transcluded onto a page is protected too.

There are various reasons why a page might be protected. Vandalism and spam can lead to semiprotection, while content wars and other severe cases can lead to full protection. There are other times where Office actions come into play. Protection is sometimes temporary and editing privileges are then restored. In any case, everyone can view the source of any page, irrespective of its level of protection.

### Sample Pages

Let's Get Started. Here are some main pages for editing. Feel free to open and edit/create any of them:

### Useful things To Know

Editing refers to the adding &/or modification of a wiki page by a user. Unless certain restrictions are in effect, such as protection, all pages are editable, by everyone. This is a brief overview of that process. The editing table of contents below contains information on individual editing functions.

## Most frequent Wiki markup explained

Here are the most frequently used types of wiki markup. These markups only work if they are at the very beginning of a line.
If you need more help see Wikitext examples.

What it looks like What you type

Here's a link to the Main Page.

But be careful - capitalization counts!

Here's a link to the [[Main Page]].

Here's a link to a page named Official position. You can even say official positions and the link will show up correctly.

Here's a link to a page named [[Official position]].
You can even say [[official position]]s
and the link will show up correctly.

You can put formatting around a link. Example: Main Page.

You can put formatting around a link.
Example: ''[[Main Page]]''.

The first letter of articles is automatically capitalized, so wikipedia goes to the same place as Wikipedia. Capitalization matters after the first letter.

The ''first letter'' of articles is automatically
capitalized, so [[wikipedia]] goes to the same place
as [[Wikipedia]]. Capitalization matters after the
first letter.

Intentionally permanent red link is a page that doesn't exist yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

[[Intentionally permanent red link]] is a page that doesn't exist
yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

You can link to a page section by placing a "#" before its title:

If multiple sections have the same title, add a number. #Example section 3 goes to the third section named "Example section".

You can link to a page section by its title:

* [[Wiki_project#Objectives]].

If multiple sections have the same title, add
a number. [[#Example section 3]] goes to the
third section named "Example section".

You can make a link point to a different place with a piped link. Put the link target first, then the pipe character "|", then the link text.

Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that a title that contains disambiguation text will appear with more concise link text.

You can make a link point to a different place
target first, then the pipe character "|", then

* [[List of cities by country#Morocco|Cities in Morocco]]

Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that a title that
contains disambiguation text will appear with more concise

* [[Spinning (textiles)|]]
* [[Boston, Massachusetts|]]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL: http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title: Nupedia

Or leave the title blank: [1]

External link can be used to link to a wiki page that cannot be linked to with [[page]]: http://meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fotonotes&oldid=482030#Installation

You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title:
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]

Or leave the title blank:
[http://www.nupedia.com]

External link can be used to link to a wiki page that
cannot be linked to with <nowiki>[[page]]</nowiki>:
http://meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fotonotes
&oldid=482030#Installation

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way: mailto:someone@example.com or someone

mailto:someone@example.com or [mailto:someone@example.com someone]

You can redirect the user to another page.

#REDIRECT [[Official position]]

Category links do not show up in line but instead at page bottom and cause the page to be listed in the category.

Add an extra colon to link to a category in line without causing the page to be listed in the category: Category:English documentation

[[Help:Category|Category links]] do not show up in line
''and cause the page to be listed in the category.''
[[Category:English documentation]]

without causing the page to be listed in the category:
[[:Category:English documentation]]

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's date preferences. These three dates will show up the same if you choose a format in your Preferences:

date preferences. These three dates will show up the
same if you choose a format in your
[[Special:Preferences|]]:
* [[1969-07-20]]
* [[July 20]], [[1969]]
* [[20 July]] [[1969]]

### Images, tables, video, and sounds

After uploading, just enter the filename, highlight it and press the "embedded image"-button of the edit_toolbar.

What it looks like What you type

A picture, including alternate text:

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:

File:Wiki.png
This is Wiki's logo
A picture, including alternate text:

[[Image:Wiki.png|This is Wiki's logo]]

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|This is Wiki's logo]]

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image: Image:Wiki.png

Or a link directly to the image itself: Media:Wiki.png

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

Or a link directly to the image itself:
[[Media:Wiki.png]]

directly to sounds or videos: A sound file

directly to sounds or videos:
[[media:Classical guitar scale.ogg|A sound file]]
Provide a spoken rendition of some text in a template:
Provide a spoken rendition of some text in a template:
{{listen
|title    = Flow my tears
|filename = Flow my tears.ogg
|filesize = 583KB
}}
This is
a table
! This
! is
|-
| a
| table
|}

### Galleries

Main article: w:Gallery tag

Images can also be grouped into galleries using the <gallery> tag, such as the following:

### Mathematical formulas

Template:Main You can format mathematical formulas with TeX markup.

What it looks like What you type

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$

### Templates

Template:Main Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}. It is also possible to transclude other pages by using {{:colon and double braces}}.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

What it looks like What you type
{{Transclusion demo}}
{{Help:Transclusion Demo}}

This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

This template takes two parameters, and
creates underlined text with a hover box
for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

{{H:title|This is the hover text|
Hover your mouse over this text}}

itself: {{tl|H:title}}

Do we even need anything here?

These are the Extensions we have installed so far. Click directly on the name of each extension to learn more about how to use them in your pages.

• Cite enables the use of reference material to be listed at the bottom of a page. Look to the bottom of this page for the reference linked here.
This sentence serves as a simple example [1]

• Poll allows you to include an interactive poll within your pages.

<poll> Do you have any polls you might like to ask of Community members? Tons of them I have a few in mind Well, maybe one I don't see the point </poll>

• Embed video allows you to embed a video within a wiki page.

## Notes

1. Because there's not enough room for more complicated examples.

### Useful things To Know

You can use some HTML tags, too. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.

## Using HTML

What it looks like What you type

Put text in a typewriter font. The same font is generally used for computer code.

Put text in a <tt>typewriter
font</tt>. The same font is
generally used for <code>
computer code</code>.

Strike out or underline text, or write it in small caps.

<strike>Strike out</strike>
or <u>underline</u> text,
or write it <span style=
"font-variant:small-caps">
in small caps</span>.

Superscripts and subscripts: X2, H2O

Superscripts and subscripts:
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O
Centered text
• Please note the American spelling of "center".
<center>Centered text</center>
* Please note the American spelling of "center".

The blockquote command formats block quotations, typically by surrounding them with whitespace and a slightly different font.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command ''formats'' block
quotations, typically by surrounding them
with whitespace and a slightly different font.
</blockquote>

Invisible comments to editors (<!-- -->) appear only while editing the page.

• If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually use the talk page.
Invisible comments to editors (<!-- -->)
appear only while editing the page.
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->

### Useful things To Know

These are just some of the ways in which you can combine these elements to create a desired effect in your page editing.

## Sample Layouts

What it looks like What you type

### Subsection

Using more "equals" (=) signs creates a subsection.

#### A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

sections. The ''Wiki'' software can automatically

=== Subsection ===
Using more "equals" (=) signs creates a subsection.

==== A smaller subsection ====

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

tags which should be reserved for page title.
• Unordered lists are easy to do:
• Start every line with a star.
• More stars indicate a deeper level.
Previous item continues.
• A newline
• in a list

marks the end of the list.

• Of course you can start again.
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
*: Previous item continues.
** A newline
* in a list
marks the end of the list.
*Of course you can start again.
1. Numbered lists are:
1. Very organized
2. Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

1. New numbering starts with 1.
# ''Numbered lists'' are:
## Very organized
## Easy to follow
A newline marks the end of the list.
# New numbering starts with 1.

Here's a definition list:

Word
Definition of the word
A longer phrase needing definition
Phrase defined
A word
Which has a definition
Also a second definition
And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.

Here's a ''definition list'':
; Word : Definition of the word
; A longer phrase needing definition
: Phrase defined
; A word : Which has a definition
: Also a second one
: And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line;
a newline can appear before the colon, but
using a space before the colon improves
parsing.
• You can even do mixed lists
1. and nest them
2. inside each other
• or break lines
in lists.
definition lists
can be
nested
too
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*# inside each other
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.
*#; definition lists
*#: can be
*#:; nested : too
A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline starts a new paragraph.
Should only be used on talk pages.
For articles, you probably want the blockquote tag.

We use 1 colon to indent once.
We use 2 colons to indent twice.
3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
A newline starts a new paragraph.
Should only be used on talk pages.
For articles, you probably want the blockquote tag.
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----) to separate text.

You can make [[w:horizontal dividing line|horizontal dividing line]]s
(----) to separate text.
----
But you should usually use sections instead,

You can add footnotes to sentences using the ref tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.

There are over six billion people in the world.[1]
References:
1. CIA World Factbook, 2006.

For details, see Wikipedia:Footnotes and Help:Footnotes.

You can add footnotes to sentences using
the ''ref'' tag -- this is especially good
for citing a source.

:There are over six billion people in the
world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>

References: <references/>

For details, see [[Wikipedia:Footnotes]]
and [[Help:Footnotes]].

## Unprotected Pages

If a page is not under protection, clicking on the page menu's Edit link will provide a view of that page's source code (or wikitext). At that point, the user is free to Copy any part of the existing wikitext for use in additional pages. This can serve as a great way to learn how pages are constructed, as well as allow you to bring the wikitext over to a different page of your own for formatting practice without disturbing the original page where you found it.

## Protected Pages

When a page is protected, certain users cannot edit it. Semiprotection disallows unregistered visitors and new users from editing a page, while full protection stops anyone but sysops (administrators). However, no matter what level of protection a page is given, any user is free to view the source by clicking on the view source link where the edit tab is normally found. In this way, anybody can examine and copy the wikitext of any page, even though no changes can be made to the original.

Occasionally, the view source function will be forced to all users when the database is locked down by developers for maintenance or when a slave server needs to catch up to the job queue.

## The Wiki Project

• We are looking for graphics designers and programmers to enhance wiki capability as a great environment for world wide cooperation. If you are interested, please look at our objectives. Above them you will find an information about how to join the team.
• You may also contribute by creating articles, translations of wiki pages, taking photos, making movies, music, books etc. Just think for a while. Maybe you are doing research, or you already you know a lot about a topic relevant to the community here. With wiki, almost every creation is possible. We welcome you! Please visit the Community Portal below to learn more.
Wiki project

## Local Wiki Support

For the most part, all Wiki sites

[MediaWiki's main Help section] (note: external link will take you the another Wiki for help, use the Communicate/Wiki menu option to return to this Wiki) for more detailed information on the Wiki software.

Wikipedia

## Sample Pages

This is just a reminder for me to list sample pages with the descriptions. Some will be already existing, while some I will create myself.

Software Help
 50px 50px 50px General suggestions Joomla Forum IRC Project Management System (PMS) Community software Teamspeak Personal Messaging (PM) Pootle Wiki